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Why Does USA Want to Deploy Global ABM Systems in Eastern Europe?

13.02.2008 10:49

Nowadays more and more military experts, politicians and scientists in Europe and USA start understanding the irrationality of the US military and political establishment arguments in favor of US Global ABM Third Deployment Area and its anti-Russian targeting. Evidently, neither North Korea, nor Iran, nor any other Middle East country has and will have in the nearest future the ballistic missiles capable of posing any threat to the European countries or United States.

In this case a question arises: what is a target of the GBI base in Poland and Radar in Czechia: Russia or Iran? The answer is obvious: Russia.

Such conclusion was indirectly confirmed by the communication made by F. Koel, former US Assistance Defense Secretary in the Administration of B. Clinton, on January 17, 2008 at the Missile Defense Seminar in Czechia who claimed that the ABM systems in Eastern Europe are deployed to move the US strategic components as close as possible to the borders of the Russian Federation. According to him, the ground-based interceptors to be deployed in Poland may be easily, covertly and relatively quickly armed with nuclear warheads that would radically improve their efficiency, and thus they could be used against the Russian nuclear ballistic missiles.

The provocative essence of the US plans and anti-Russia targeting of the Third Deployment Area were repeatedly disclosed by the American scientists. The first ABM problem study was made by Professor T. Postol, Massachusetts Technological Institute, who in the series of his public addresses based on the figures and facts tried to prove inconsistency of US State Department assurances that the Third Deployment Area cannot stand against the Russian deterrence potential. His conclusion was based on the estimates taking into account the geography and military characteristics of the BGIs and radar to be deployed in Eastern Europe as well as velocity parameters and probable trajectory of Russian ballistic missiles.

R. Lugar, a respectful US Senator, also spoke in the context of the Russian proposals. He believes that it is necessary to be prepared for dealing with a hypothetic Iranian missile threat but it should be done in cooperation with all concerned countries including Russia. “No unilateral decisions should be made on such sensitive subject”. He said that it is necessary to delay the expedited ABM system deployment as the first step to promotion of actually bilateral ABM cooperation with Russia moreover the haste in construction of the European systems is not justified.

Simultaneously, in November 2007 the Congressional Research Service published a report on the Iranian efforts in development of long-range missiles basing on the public documents of intelligence agencies and respectful non-governmental organizations. In particular, the report shows inconsistency of US intelligence forecasts of Iranian long-range missile development deadlines. For example, if the National Intelligence Council reports of 1999 and 2001 stated that Iran will test the missiles before the end of 2010, now it says that it will do it in 2015, i.e. the intelligence offers a “tolerance” to be easily updated depending on a situation.

The US plans were disclosed by Czech Foreign Minister Karel Schwarzenberg in his interview to Czech Weekly "Hospodarske Noviny" on December 17, 2007. He said that today there is already no need to conceal real plans of the expected US ABM radar installation. In so doing, he considers it possible to use this facility to monitor the Russian nuclear missile potential.

It seems that certain US legislators understand the fact that the ABM systems will not defend Europe and USA but may inspire already forgotten Cold War. Pentagon was criticized for hasty deployment of “raw” ABM systems, which performance has not been confirmed yet. Same F. Koel noted that the American ABM shield is so underdeveloped that it “cannot provide for real defense of the USA not to speak of Europe”.

At the same time, the American Administration does not hear or does not want to hear this and other statements disclosing a real aim of the ABM system deployment in Europe. There is no response to the Russian “package” proposal on ABM cooperation. Simultaneously, Pentagon and US State Department officials actively perform negotiations with Czechia and Poland, spending more and more time in Europe.