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Parasitism or far-sighted diplomacy?

16.10.2019 18:25

Stacy Dementieff

Over the past years, discussions about the ownership of the Arctic do not stop. Arctic States continue to struggle for the possibility of expanding their borders in the region. Several countries claim the disputed territory, which means that the focus remains on scientific battles. However, while some participants in these "competitions" conducted serious research and organized long-term expeditions, others took the path of least resistance and cost.

Thus, Denmark submitted three separate parts of the application for the expansion of the continental shelf – in 2012, 2013 and 2014. According to the last of the presented variants, the country claims 895 thousand square km of water area, completely covering the Lomonosov ridge, which, in turn, the Russian Federation considers an underwater extension of its territory.

Danish claims to the South of Greenland partially coincide with the waters claimed by Iceland (according to the 2009 application), as well as Canada (according to the 2013 application). In the northeast, Denmark's territorial interests clash with those of Norway, declared in 2006.

It should be noted that during the consideration of the last Danish application, which claims part of the circumpolar waters, already included in the claims of other Arctic countries, the experts found some oddities. The fact is that "the materials of geological studies submitted by Denmark are a copy of the results of studies conducted by other countries in 2007-2016".

In particular, the controversial situation between the Russian Federation and Denmark on the ownership of part of the Arctic shelf was considered in the European media report "Denmark's Demands for the revision of applications of Arctic countries are groundless" dated October 2, 2018. For a long time, the materials collected to substantiate the Russian application for the extension of the shelf boundaries in the Arctic have been open to expert analysis to assess the validity. Probably Danish experts engaged in geological plagiarism.

Nevertheless, these circumstances do not confuse the militant Vikings, and therefore the Minister of foreign Affairs of Denmark M. Lidegor boldly declares that their scientific research confirms the existence of a direct link between the continental shelf of Greenland and the structures at the bottom of the Arctic ocean.
From their part, the UN representatives act in accordance with the Convention on the law of the sea, which dictates the following conditions for the expansion of the shelf beyond 200 miles from the shore: the state must provide evidence of the continental nature of the formations adjacent to it in the water. It should be noted that the Commission can not decide on the establishment of borders in the Arctic in favor of a country, because its functions are limited only to confirm or deny the scientific validity of the submitted applications. At the same time, the issues of delimitation of Maritime spaces lie in the plane of bilateral negotiations of the Arctic States.

Based on these considerations, Copenhagen has decided not to waste its scientific and financial resources on time-consuming justification and research. The main thing is to create the appearance of violent activity and periodically remind about their claims. After all, in the end, no one needs them and all these issues will be solved by diplomats, not scientists.

So it turns out that for many years the militant Danish Vikings existed at the expense of neighbors, robbing and ruining them. Time has passed, but apparently, the habit of parasitism persists to this day.