Unmanned ATVs will appear in the Arctic
Specialists of the Ural Federal University have developed unmanned vehicles. This was announced to TASS by the deputy director of the center for work with enterprises of UrFU, candidate of physical and mathematical sciences Alexander Cherepanov. He specified that the equipment will be able to deliver fuel, including gas, to electricity sources in the Arctic zone of Russia.
In order for local energy sources to work, we need a constant supply of fuel, gas in particular. It was thought that unmanned vehicles could deliver gas offline to the points of installation of such energy sources. This is important for the Arctic, as a traditional gas pipeline is quite expensive, and it can’t always be laid in the conditions of the far north, "Cherepanov explained.
Cherepanov noted that unmanned vehicles will be similar to an all-terrain vehicle. The main criterion for Russian technical innovation is reliability. In the harsh conditions of the Arctic, sudden breakdowns of equipment can occur quite often, and it is not always possible to eliminate them during the journey, Cherepanov said. The second important criterion is the environmental safety of machines whose tires will exert low pressure on the soil and drive along the same path and thus will not be able to damage a thin fertile layer in the Arctic zone.
It is planned to test a fully assembled unmanned vehicle next year. Currently, separate components are being developed, in particular, positioning systems and local security sensors. Positioning will be carried out in two ways - using satellites and sensors, which will measure any acceleration with high accuracy. “As for the sensors, they give permission to move the equipment or prohibit it,” explained Cherepanov. “Prohibition occurs in the event of obstacles - people, animals, obstacles that are insurmountable by all-terrain vehicles, such as fallen trees and boulders. Sensors recognize the situation and prevent collisions".