Role of Russia In The Middle East
Recent events in the Middle East fully confirmed Russia's fears about the negative consequences of non-compliance with international law in resolving conflicts that involve both regional states and players at the global level. A series of "Arab Spring" revolutions rapidly turned into armed confrontation, revived old political and religious contradictions and created new ones, and external forces' attempts to influence the development of this crisis only aggravated the situation.
In these circumstances, regional and global powers' position is of special importance, which means they should coordinate their efforts to stabilize existing and prevent emerging conflicts, taking consistent and constructive position on all key issues concerning the Middle East. Such approach is the basis of Russia's position on Middle East settlement.
Orientation of Russia's Middle East policy is determined by friendly relations with regional countries that emerged during Soviet era. Russia managed to maintain cooperation with Algeria, Egypt, Syria, Yemen. Before the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi Russian companies were able implement joint projects in Libya. Currently, "Rosatom" is negotiating over nuclear power plants' construction with Jordan and Algeria.
Against the background of Egypt's leadership led by President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi aspirations to take the country on an independent political course, Russian-Egyptian relations received a new impetus. In addition to traditional military-technical cooperation, Russia and Egypt will intensify joint energy and agricultural projects. In addition, political efforts will likewise be coordinated and in Egypt's case, which is one of the most influential states in the Middle East and North Africa, thus will allow Russia to significantly strengthen its presence in the region.
Russia pays particular attention to supporting Syria, which continues to confront terrorist groups trying to spread its influence in the region despite the pressure from the US and several European countries. It was Russian initiative for the destruction of Syria's chemical weapons that prevented foreign military intervention in the conflict and helped to avoid a Libyan scenario. Russian position's consistency is also manifested in the calls to respect international law in connection with the US-led operation against ISIS, which involves air strikes on militants in Syria.
Constructive approach also identifies the Russian policy toward the Arab-Israeli conflict. Russian Federation supports the efforts of Palestinian people to gain statehood, believing that both Israel and Palestine should adhere to peaceful means of resolving the situation. At the same time, Russian diplomacy continues to work with both parties of the conflict in the framework of the mediators' Quartet (UN, EU, Russia and the United States), and through bilateral contacts.
Russia takes advantage of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf to resolve the most controversial issues in relations with the Arabian monarchies while developing bilateral relations in areas such as military-technical and energy cooperation.
Adequate assessment of the situation in the Middle East allows Russia to conduct a constructive policy where other players this can't succeed, which creates advantages for both Moscow and all the regional states.