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The Union State under reliable protection

12.02.2014 15:57

Alexander Novik

During the construction of modern Belarus army able to adequately respond to threats to the military security of the Republic and the Union State, much attention is paid to the procurement of new Russian military hardware and weapons, their timely and quality development.

In this case the priority is given to air-defense and air force capabilities. In particular, the Belarusian side takes a big interest in equipping its armed forces with modern air-defense missile complexes such as "Thor", S-300, trainer airplanes Yak-130, helicopters Mi-17 and Mi-28. Belarusians also take an interest in repairing in Russia of aircraft such as MiG-29, Su-25 and IL-76. There is firm demand of the republic power structures for the purchase of information protection equipment, special small arms and ammunition, special tools and equipment for power structures.

Only for the last decade in missile troops of Belarus" armed forces the park of air defense missile systems S-125 has been completely replaced by S-300. In 2011, Belarus has received the air defense missile system "Tor-M2", which has no equal in the world in its class. In late 2012, Belarus armed forces received the second battery of the air defense missile system "Tor-M2". The quality of the Tor-M2 system practice in the Belarusian army was demonstrated in 2012 during an exercise at the RF armed forces training ground in Ashuluk. In December 2013 Belarus received the third battery of the Tor-M2 air defense missile system, as was reported to the media by Minister of Defense of the Republic of Belarus, Lieutenant-General Yuri Zhadobin.

In recent years, Belarus has purchased from the Russian Federation and practiced in the army other weapons too. An agreement was signed with the Russian Corporation Irkut on supplies of Yak-130 planes. In 2014, it is expected to supply to the Belarusian army another four battalions of S-300 anti-aircraft missile systems. This was reported on 30 October 2013, by Russian Defense Minister Gen. Sergei Shoigu. The systems delivery will be carried out under the program of development of a unified regional air defense system.

Let us note at this point that according to the agreement, all weapons and military equipment supplies from Russia to Belarus are performed at concessional terms to the Russian domestic prices. For example, with the export cost of one S-300 battalion of about $180 million, Belarus has got them at the price of government order of about $23 million, "having saved" thereby $700 million.

Military equipment delivery from Russia to Belarus is performed under military-technical cooperation between Russia and Belarus, which according to Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, is considered by Russia not in terms of the principle of "buy-sell", but in terms of historical brotherly relations, strategic partnerships, composition of "intellectual potential and industrial cooperation". Thus, at the present time, about 60 Russian and Belarusian companies have stable cooperative ties.

A sort of visiting card of the Russian-Belarusian cooperation within the framework of interstate financial-industrial group "Military Systems", which includes 12 Russian and five Belarusian enterprises and organizations, is a major investment and production project in the field of deep modernization of the antiaircraft defenses ? the Pechora-2M air defense missile systems.

Currently there is a wide range of Russian export arms, the creation of which is conducted with the use of components manufactured in Belarus, which favorably influences the process of the arms practice in the Belarusian troops.

A decisive role in the practice of Russian weapons inserting into the Belarusian troops, is played by a variety of exercises and maneuvers. Thus, in 2013, there were over 40 joint activities of operational and combat training only, the most important of which was the joint Belarusian-Russian strategic exercise "West-2013". The exercise has confirmed the effectiveness of practicing a number of new and modernized samples of weapons and military equipment, both of Russian and joint manufacture, their compliance with the required performance characteristics and promising appearance of Belarusian national armed forces.

Currently, Belarus is resolving a problem of national armed forces re-equipment with modern types of weapons, production and development of which requires the pooling within the military-technical cooperation between Russia and Belarus, of scientific and industrial potential, taking into account the new economic conditions in the world. At the same time, the possibility is worked out concerning supplies to Belarus of new weapons and military equipment, such as S-400 air defense missile system, MiG-35 airplanes, Mi-28N helicopters, Iskander missile complexes.

The acceleration of the process of practice in Belarus of new military equipment coming from Russia, is also greatly influenced by the situation that has currently emerged in international relations. First of all, it comes to deploying the U.S. missile defense system in European countries, increasing military activity, modernization of NATO military infrastructure in the immediate vicinity of the Russian and Belarusian borders. It is clear that in these circumstances, the security of the Union State depends primarily on the extend to which its armed forces are ready to face today's challenges.

In conclusion, it will be observed that the practice of military equipment coming from the Russian Federation, in the Armed Forces of Belarus is taken as a major factor of strategic deterrence of external threats within the Union State of Russia and Belarus. Reliability and efficiency of Russian weapons and military equipment in the armed forces of Belarus is manifestly obvious and ensures high level of preparedness of the Union State's armed forces to repel aggression.